Carsten Burkhardt's Web Project Paeonia - The Peony Library

ano_finnland7 index 0602 boreas2

Paeonia-Literatur Z


Zawierucha, Andrijenko, Protopopowa, Ochranjajemyje rastenija ukrainy,Kiew 1983, Naukova Dumka 176 str. deutsche Übersetzung: Schützenswerte Pflanzen der Ukraine, englisch translation:


Zakharyeva, O.I. (1985) Tchisla kromosom nekotorikh tsvetkovikh rastenij Kavkasa i Srednej Azii (nombre chromosomique de quelques plantes à fleurs du Caucase et de l'Asie centrale)[Chromosome Numbers of some Flowering Plants from the Caucasus and Middle  Asia], Botanicheskij Journal, 70 (12): 1701


Zangheri, P. (1976) Flora Italica, vol. 1 : 169-170, CEDAM, Padua


Zeppelin,1997, Katalog1997/98, Staudengärtnerei


Zeng Duanxiang.Yin Weilun.Zhao Xiaoqing et al.(90) Propagation of Chinese tree peony(Paeonia suffruticosa Andr.). http://periodicals.wanfangdata.com.cn/qikan/periodical/bjlydxxb/bjly2000/0003/0003mle.htm

Zentralstelle für Sortenwesen der Deutschen Demokratischen Republik (ca. 1980) Sortenliste für Zierpflanzen Teil Stauden und Ziergehölze 1981-1984


Zhang, D.C. (1989) Karyotype of Paeonia obovata Maxim, from Mt. Huangshan and Mt. Jiuhuashan, Acta Phytotaxonomica Sinica, 27 (6) : 451 -453


Zhang D , SangT 1998 ,Chromosomal structural rearrangement of Paeonia brownii and P californica revealed by fluorescence in situ hybridization,Genome vol. 41, iss.6 pp 848-853

Zhang D , SangT, 1999 Physical mapping of ribosomal RNA genes in peonies (Paeonia) by fluorescent in situ hybridization: Implications for phylogeny and concerted evolution, Am J Botany vol. 86, iss. 5, pp.735-740 (Laboratory of Systematic and Evolutionary Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100093, China Department of Botany and Plant Pathology, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824.) [Abstract: Physical maps of the 18S-5.8S-26S ribosomal RNA genes (rDNA) were generated by fluorescent in situ hybridization for five diploid Paeonia species, P. delavayi and P. rockii of section Moutan, and P. emodi, P. tenuifolia, and P. veitchii of section Paeonia. Of five pairs of mitotic chromosomes, rDNA loci were mapped near the telomeres of chromosomes 3, 4, and 5 of P. rockii and P. tenuifolia, chromosomes 2, 3, 4, and 5 of P. delavayi, and all five pairs of chromosomes of P. emodi and P. veitchii. Combining this information with the previously obtained rDNA maps of P. brownii and P. californica of section Oneapia, we hypothesized that the most recent common ancestor of extant peony species had three rDNA loci located on chromosomes 3, 4, and 5. Increase in number of rDNA loci occurred later in each of the three sections, and the increase from three to four loci represents a parallel gain of an rDNA locus on chromosome 2 in P. delavayi of section Moutan and P. brownii of section Oneapia. The increase in number of rDNA loci likely resulted from the translocation of rDNA repeats from chromosomes bearing rDNA loci to chromosomes without them; such translocation is probably facilitated by the telomeric location of rDNA loci. For allotetraploid peony species lacking polymorphism in sequences of the internal transcribed spacers (ITS) of rDNA, the rDNAs derived from divergent diploid parents may have been homogenized through concerted evolution among at least six rDNA loci in the allotetraploids. Chromosomal location of rDNA loci has a more substantial impact on the tempo of concerted evolution than the number of loci.]


Zhang GQ, Hao XM, Chen SZ, Zhou PA, Cheng HP, Wu CH. Blockade of paeoniflorin on sodium current in mouse hippocampal CA1 neurons. Acta Pharmacol Sin. 2003 Dec;24(12):1248-52. [AIM: To study the blockade of paeoniflorin (Pae) on I(Na) in the acutely isolated hippocampus neurons of mice. METHODS: The whole-cell patch clamp technique was used. RESULTS: Pae inhibited I(Na) in frequency-dependent and concentration-dependent manners, with an IC50 of 271 micromol/L. Pae 0.3 mmol/L shifted the activation potential of the maximal I(Na) from -40 mV to -30 mV, shifted the steady-state activation and inactivation curves toward more positive and negative potentials by 10.8 mV, and 18.2 mV, respectively, and postponed the recovery of I(Na) inactivation state from (4.2+/-0.7) ms to (9.8+/-1.2) ms. CONCLUSION: Pae inhibited I(Na) in mouse hippocampus neurons.] State Key Laboratory of Biomembrane and Membrane Biotechnology, College of Life Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China., Click here to read


Zhang H, Shen P, Cheng Y., Identification and determination of the major constituents in traditional Chinese medicine Si-Wu-Tang by HPLC coupled with DAD and ESI-MS. J Pharm Biomed Anal. 2004 Feb 18;34(3):705-13. [Abstract: An HPLC/DAD/ESI/MS method was established for the qualitative and quantitative analysis of the major constituents in Si-Wu-Tang, a traditional Chinese medicine formula. Based on the baseline chromatographic separation of most constituents in Si-Wu-Tang on hypersil C18 column with water-acetonitrile-acetic acid as mobile phase, 12 compounds including phenolic acids, phthalides and terpene glycoside were identified by online ESI-MS and the comparison with literature data and standard samples. Most of these compounds derive from Paeonia lactiflora and Ligusticum chuanxiong. Seven of them were quantitated by HPLC coupled with DAD. The validation of the method, including sensitivity, linearity, repeatability, recovery, were examined. The linear calibration curve were acquired with R2 > 0.99 and LOD (S/N = 3) were between 0.75 and 5 ng. The repeatability was evaluated by intra- and inter-day assays and R.S.D. value were within +/- 2.38%. The recovery rates of selected compounds were in the range of 96.64-105.21% with R.S.D. less than 3.22%.] College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Pharmaceutical Informatics Institute, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027, PR China.

Zhang HY, Qin L, Xue L, Zhang SH. [Studies on the anti-inflammation effect of the TCM prescription of a combination of monkshood root with peony root] [Article in Chinese] Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi. 2002 Jun;27(6):449-52. [OBJECTIVE: To make a comparison between the single and combined use of Monkshood Root and Peony Root to observe the anti-inflammation effect in the experimental animals. METHOD: The experimental inflammatory models were adopted, i.e. adjuvant-induced polyarthritis carrageenan-induced or formaldehyde-induced rat paw edema, and cotton pellet-induced granuloma formation in rats xylene-induced mouse ear edema, exudation of abdominal blood capillaries of mice, etc. RESULT: The anti-inflammafion effect of Monkshood Root was weaker than that of Peony Root or Peony Root combined with Monkshood Root. It was found that anti-inflammation effect with the drug-cooperation was enhanced more significantly in the formaldehyde-induced or adjuvant-induceed arthritis models than in the carrageenan-induced rat paw edema and other inflammatory models either in the large dosage of 1:1 proportion or in the small dosage of 1:2 proportion. CONCLUSION: The drug-cooperation has a good selective and synergic effect on anti-inflammation.] Shandong University of TCM, Jinan 250014, Shandong, China

Zhang Q, WangB,1991,Determination of paeoniflorin in white peony root and fufang baishao tablets,Chung Kuo Chung YaoTsa Chih Sep;16(9):542-3, 575


Zhang, K., Fang, Y.-X., Huang, J.-M.: Extraction of Paeonol from Cortex Moutan by Supercritical CO~2. FINE CHEMICALS -DALIAN- 18(4):201-202 2001


Zhang Zhanping & Zhang Yiming: 1989 The variation of chromosome numbers and karyotypes in cultivated Paeonia suffruticosa; in Acta Horticulturae Universitatis Henanensis, 23(1): March 1989, pp. 48 - 52.

Zhang Zhanping: 1996 Karyotype analysis of Paeonia ostii; in Yichuan, 18(5): Oct. 1996, pp. 3 - 6. ISSN: 0253-9772.


Zhao Xuan, Zhou Zhi-qin, Lin Qi-bing, Pan Kai-yu, Hong De-yuan: Molecular Evidence for the interspecific Relationships in Paeonia Sect. Moutan: PCR-RFLP and sequence-analysis of glycerol-3-phosphate acyltransferase (GPAT) gene Acta Phytotaxonomica sinica, 42 (3) 236244 (2004)

Zhao, Y.Z. (1978) in Fu, H.C. & al. Flora Intramongolica, vol. 2 : 196-200, Typis Intramongolicae Popularis, Huehaote


Zhgenti LP,1967,K kariologitchskomu isutcheniju kavkaskikh vidov roda Paeonia- In: NautchKonfmolodykh nautchnykh rabotnikov, posvjashtchennaja 800-letiju so dnja roshdenia,III. Rustaveli (Sokrtekstydokladov;) Tbilisi, p81-84

Zhgenti LP,1978, Apo-miksis v vidov roda Paeonia L. Vestn. Grus. Bot. Obshch. 7:113-123 (Georgian)

Zhgenti LP,1979, Endosperm roda Paeonia i nekotorye ego strukturnije osobennosti . Trudi Inst. Bot. Akad. Nauk. Gruz. SSR 29:141-150 (Geogian/Russisan)


Zhimin, G., Yan, W., Lianying, W. The recent development of research on propagation and breeding of peony Pei-Ching Lin Yeh ta Hsueh 23(4):75-79 2001 ,

Zhou HT, Hu SL, Guo BL, Feng XF, Yan YN, Li JS. [A study on genetic variation between wild and cultivated populations of Paeonia lactiflora Pall.] [Article in Chinese] Yao Xue Xue Bao. (ACTA PHARMACEUTICA SINICA) 2002 May;37(5):383-8. [Abstract: AIM: To discuss the genetic differentiation between wild and cultivated populations of Paeonia lactiflora Pall., and to find the reason for forming the genuineness of Radix Paeoniae rubra (Chishao) and Radix Paeoniae alba (Baishao). METHODS: Forty three representative samples of P. lactiflora from 11 localities were analyzed by RAPD method with 21 random primers. According to RAPD results, the genetic diversity and genetic differentiation of P. lactiflora were detected by the percentage of polymorphic sites (PPB), the coefficient of gene differentiation (GST) and analysis of molecular variance (AMOVA). RESULTS: (1) At species level, the PPB of P. lactiflora was 85.26%, the Nei's gene diversity (Ht) was 0.166. The PPB in wild population (WP) was 77.61%, which was more than that (54.96%) in cultivated population for medicine (MP), and that (61.76%) in cultivated population for ornament (OP). (2) AMOVA showed that 29.50% of the genetic diversity resulted from differentiation among populations. Pairwise Phist distance (0.3632) between WP and MP was furthest, while that (0.0973) between MP and OP was closest, indicating population differentiation was significant (P < 0.001). (3) In general, cluster analysis revealed that the samples of P. lactiflora were divided in wild and cultivated groups (except for 39). In WP, individuals of Duolun were separated from those of other localities. In MP, the clusters of samples corresponded well with their own habitats. CONCLUSION: In addition to environmental factor, genetic differentiation should be the main cause for the genuineness of "Chishao" and "Baishao". Because of over collection and worse habitat, P. lactiflora in Duolun, whose root is the famous Chinese Geo-herbal--"Duolun Chishao", is progresively rare. So, it should become the endangered germplasm resource to protect.] Institute of Chinese Materia Medica, China Academy of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Beijing 100700, China. zhou-hong-tao@263.net

Zhou M, CaiH, HuangZG++,1998,HPLC Method for the Determination of Paeoniflorin in Paeonia lactiflora Pall and its Preparations,Biomedical Chromatography vol.12:1 pp 43-44


Zhou SL, Hong DY, Pan KY, 1999, Pollination Biology of Paeonia- Jishanensis Hong T. and Zhao W.Z. (Paeoniaceae) with Special Emphasis on Pollen and Stigma Biology, Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society vol. 30, iss. 5 pp 735-740

Zhou, S.-L., Hong, D.-Y. & Pan, K.-Y.:1999 Pollination biology of Paeonia jishanensis T. Hong & W. Z. Zhao (Paeoniaceae), with special emphasis on pollen and stigma biology; in Botanical Journal of the Linnaean Society, 30(1): May 1999, pp. 43 – 52.


Zhou Z Q, Pan K Y & Hong D Y, 2003: Phylogenetic analyses of Paeonia section Moutan (tree peonies, Paeoniaceae) based on morphological data. Acta Phytotax. Sin. 41 (5): 436—446. (PDF: http://www.plantsystematics.com/qikan/manage/wenzhang/f41-5-4.pdf ) (link to a local copy .pdf-file)


Zhu HM, Zhu BD. [Experimental study on preventive effect of Radix Paeoniae Rubra to restenosis after carotid balloon injury in high fat-diet rabbits] [Article in Chinese] Zhongguo Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Za Zhi. 2004 Jun;24(6):538-40. [OBJECTIVE: To observe the preventive effect of Radix Paeoniae Rubra (RPR) to restenosis after carotid balloon injury in rabbits. METHODS: The rabbit model of carotid balloon injury was established adopting Clowes method, and treated with extract of RPR. Component of new genesic intima and expression of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) and macrophage was determined by immunochemical stain. The collagen of type I was detected by special staining for blood vessels and the area of new genesic intima was measured by image assay system. RESULTS: RPR could remarkably decreased the PCNA positive expression and inhibit the proliferation of collagen type I and reduce the generating of new intima. CONCLUSION: RPR has significant preventive effect on the restenosis after carotid ballon injury in high fat-diet induced atherosclerotic rabbits.] Chengdu University of TCM, Chengdu (610075). atbao@sina.com


Zhu, Xiangyun1; Hong, Tao2 (2005): Validation and neotypification of Paeonia rockii subsp. linyanshanii (Paeoniaceae). Taxon, Volume 54, Number 3, August 2005, pp. 806-807(2), Publisher: International Association for Plant Taxonomy [Abstract: "Paeonia rockii subsp. linyanshanii T. Hong & G. L. Osti" was not validly published in 1994 because it was assigned to "Paeonia rockii (S. G. Haw & L. A. Lauener) T. Hong & J. J. Li", which was not then a validly published name. Although the species name was validated in 1998 as Paeonia rockii (S. G. Haw & L. A. Lauener) T. Hong & J. J. Li ex D. Y. Hong, P. rockii subsp. linyanshanii has still not been validly published, although P. suffruticosa var. linyanshanii J. J. Halda was validly published in 1997. P. rockii subsp. linyanshanii is validated here, based on Handa's varietal name, and, because the holotype was not preserved, a neo-type is designated. Keywords: PAEONIACEAE; PAEONIA ROCKII SUBSP. LINYANSHANII; VALIDATION Affiliations: 1: Institute of Botany, the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100093, China 2: Chinese Academy of Forestry, Beijing 100091, China] online available under the following (link)


Zhukova, N.A. 1967, Zur anatomischen Charakteristik von P. tenuifolia L. Zapiski Central- Kavkazsk. Otdel. Vsjesojuzn. Bot. Obsc. 2: 41-45 (In Russian, brief German Summary)


ZhungietuIG,1973,Kustarnikovaja zhiznennaja forma u piona drevovidnogo (Paeonia arborea Donn),Izv Akad Nauk MSSR, ser Biol I chim Nauki No3 12-17

[Strauchige Lebensform bei Paeonia suffruticosa (Paeonia arborea Donn.).]


Zohary, M. (1941) Taxonomical studies in the Flora of Palestine and neighbouring countries, Palestine journal of Botany, série Jérusalem vol. 2 (2-3) : 155


Zona, S., Rieseberg R., Carter, R. L. ++,1991,Isozyme diversity is low in Paeonia californica (Paeoniaceae)[],Plant Species Biol 6:89-93


Zong-PP; Yan-TY; Gong-MM,1993,[Clinical and experimental studies of effects of huayu decoction on scavenging free radicals],Chung-Kuo-Chung-Hsi-I-Chieh-Ho-Tsa-Chih. Oct; 13(10): 591-3, 57


Zou, Y.-P., Cai, M.-L. & Wang, Z.-P.: 1999 Systematic studies on Paeonia sect. Moutan DC. based on RAPD analysis; in Zhiwu Fenlei Xuebao [Acta Phytotaxonomica Sinica], 37 (3): 1999, pp. 220 – 227.


Carsten Burkhardt's Web Project Paeonia - The Peony Library

ano_finnland7 index 0602 boreas2

Paeonia-Literatur Z